Type 1 diabetes is a disorder where the pancreas stop producing insulin or produces very little of it. Insulin is the hormone in our body that carries sugar from the blood stream to store it as glycogen, to be converted and used as energy when required.
When insulin is not being produced by the pancreas, it can create problems as the sugar in blood stays in the blood. This blood laden sugar travels to organs and delivers this sugar there. The buildup of sugar is also known clinically as hyperglycemia. As no blood sugar is stored as energy, the body begins to use its own stored fat for fuel, which causes rapid drop in weight.
Type 1 diabetes usually occurs at an early age, commonly seen in young children as well as in young adults. The fact that it develops so early, is one of the main reasons why it goes undiagnosed. Parents do not suspect that a disorder of such proportions might be developing in their children and they chalk it off as the common cold or other common ailments. However, the real question is what causes diabetes this early in years.
It is difficult to pinpoint what causes Type 1 diabetes in children as there are many problems that might trigger the onset of diabetes in them. In many cases, it might be triggered by a fault in the immune system of these children.
Autoimmune disorders like these are caused when the immune system mistakes the healthy cells in our body as alien/foreign particles and begins attacking them. An infection in the body might cause the immune system to start attacking the cells in the pancreas, which damages it so it is unable to produce insulin. This is one of the many causes of Type 1 diabetes. Other causes include the disorder being passed genetically from parents to the child or through a viral attack.
Even though Type 1 diabetes is very common, there are no treatments for the disorder. This is not due to the lack of medical research, as researchers have spent an extensive amount of time trying to discover a cure for this disorder. Despite the fact that diabetes is a severe disorder with dangerous consequences if it is not controlled, it can be controlled, and children with diabetes can lead a normal life if they learn how to manage their blood sugar.
The risk of developing Type 1 diabetes increases if a family member or another sibling suffers from it as well. Certain genes are more prone to developing this disorder than others and the presence of these genes can increase the risk of it developing.
The risk of diabetes increases if the child has been exposed to some other viruses such as mumps and Epstein-Barr.
According to certain claims, if a child starts consuming cow’s milk at an early age, this can be a cause of Type 1 diabetes. Following a diet that contains gluten at an early age might also increase the risk. Low levels of vitamin D and nitrate laden water consumption are also other causes behind developing Type 1 diabetes. If a child is born with jaundice, they might also be at an increased risk of developing diabetes.
The diagnosis of the disease at an early age reduces the risks and complications of Type 1 diabetes. The complications take time to build and increase in severity before they start to create any serious problems.
Common problems related to diabetes include nerve damage, eye damage, slow healing of cuts and traumas, which might cause infections. They may also cause organ damage, especially to the kidney.
As it can affect children, controlling it might require time and effort, especially in trying to explain to the child why they can’t have any sweet foods. With time, the effort required will significantly reduce and the child will lead a normal life.